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古建筑修复的原则和方法

来源:/news/440.html 发布日期:2022-02-26

古建筑恢复的原则是原址保护、尽可能减少干预、定期实施日常保养、保护现存实物原状与历史信息、保护现存实物原状与历史信息、正确把握审美标准、保护文物环境、不存在的建筑不应重建、考古发掘应注意保护实物遗存、预防灾害侵袭。
The principles of the restoration of ancient buildings are to protect the original site, reduce intervention as much as possible, regularly implement daily maintenance, protect the existing physical status quo and historical information, protect the existing physical status quo and historical information, correctly grasp the aesthetic standards, protect the cultural relics environment, do not rebuild non-existent buildings, and pay attention to the protection of physical remains and prevent disasters during archaeological excavation.


纪念建筑、石建筑、石窟寺壁画、造像、古碑石刻等修缮工程,应严格遵守“不改变原状”的原则。“不改变原状”的原则,系指始建或历代重修、重建的原状。修缮时应按照建筑物的法式特征、材料质地、风格手法及文献或碑刻、题铭的记载,鉴别现存建筑物的年代和始建或重修、重建时的历史遗构,拟定按照现存法式特征、构造特点进行修缮或者采取保护性措施;或按照现存的历代遗存、复原到一定历史时期的法式特征、风格手法、构造特点和材料质地等,进行修缮的原则。
The principle of "not changing the original state" shall be strictly observed in the repair works of memorial buildings, stone buildings, cave temple murals, statues, ancient monuments and stone carvings. The principle of "no change to the original state" refers to the original state built or rebuilt and rebuilt in previous dynasties. During the repair, the age of the existing buildings and the historical heritage at the time of construction, reconstruction and reconstruction shall be identified according to the French characteristics, material texture, style and techniques of the buildings and the records of documents, inscriptions and inscriptions, and the repair or protective measures shall be proposed according to the existing French characteristics and structural characteristics; Or according to the existing historical relics, the French characteristics, style and techniques, structural characteristics and material texture restored to a certain historical period.
依工程性质,可分为五类,如下;1、经常性保养维护工程,2、抢险加固工程,3、着重修缮工程,4、局部复原工程,5、保护性建筑物与构筑物工程。
According to the nature of the project, it can be divided into five categories, as follows; 1. Regular maintenance works, 2. Rescue and reinforcement works, 3. Focus on repair works, 4. Local restoration works, 5. Protective buildings and structures works.
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