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徽派建筑的结构你一共知道几点?

来源:/news/393.html 发布日期:2021-08-09

徽派建筑的结构:

The structure of Hui style buildings:
1、门楼
1. Gatehouse
徽派建筑格式。徽州建筑大门,均配有门楼(规模稍小一些的称为门罩),主要作用是防止雨水顺墙而下溅到门上。一般农家的门罩较为简单,在离门框上部少许的位置,用水磨砖砌出向外挑的檐脚,顶上覆瓦,并刻一些简单的装饰。
Hui Style Architectural format. The gates of Huizhou buildings are equipped with gatehouses (smaller ones are called door covers), which are mainly used to prevent rainwater from splashing down the wall onto the door. Generally, the door cover of a farmhouse is relatively simple. At a position a little away from the upper part of the door frame, the overhanging eaves and feet are built by grinding bricks with water, covered with tiles on the top, and carved with some simple decorations.
2、穿堂式
2. Hall style
徽派建筑结构方式。又名回厅。穿堂的位置在大厅背后,与大厅紧连,是大厅进入内室的过渡建筑。大部分为木地板,小三间与大厅相背,入口则由大厅正面隔屏的两侧门进入。一明堂,二个房间。穿堂较正式三间为小,有天井采光。
Hui style architectural structure. Also known as back hall. The hall is located behind the hall and closely connected with the hall. It is a transitional building from the hall to the inner room. Most of them are wooden floors. The small three rooms are opposite to the hall, and the entrance is entered by the doors on both sides of the partition screen in the front of the hall. One Ming hall, two rooms. The hall is smaller than the formal three rooms, with patio lighting.
3、大厅式
3. Hall style
徽派建筑结构方式。大厅为明厅,三间敞开,有用活动隔扇封闭,便于冬季使用。一般大厅设两廊,面对天井。也有正中入口设屏门,日常从屏门两侧出入,遇有礼节性活动,则由屏门中门出入。
Hui style architectural structure. The hall is an open hall with three open rooms and closed with movable partition fans, which is convenient for use in winter. The general hall is provided with two corridors facing the patio. There is also a screen door at the middle entrance, which can be accessed from both sides of the screen door. In case of ritual activities, it can be accessed from the middle door of the screen door.
4、大屋脊吻
4. Big roof kiss
徽派建筑格式。指徽派大型屋脊脊吻装饰件。徽州古建的词堂、庙宇、府宅等大型建筑,沿袭《宋营造法》官式作法,采用大屋顶脊吻,有正吻、蹲脊兽、垂脊吻、角戗、套兽等。造型与官式作法有所区别,属徽派特色。
Hui Style Architectural format. It refers to the large-scale ridge decoration of Huizhou style. The CI halls, temples, government houses and other large-scale buildings in Huizhou ancient buildings follow the official method of the song construction law, and adopt the ridge kiss on the big roof, including positive kiss, squatting ridge beast, vertical ridge kiss, angle berm, covering beast, etc. The modeling is different from the official practice, which belongs to the characteristics of Hui school.
5、高墙深宅
5. High wall deep house
徽派建筑结构方式。 徽州有许多古民居,四周均用高墙围起,谓之“封火墙“,远望似一座座古 堡,房屋除大门外,只开少数小窗,采光主要靠天井。这种居宅往往很 深,进门为前庭,中设天井,后设厅堂,一般住人。
Hui style architectural structure. There are many ancient folk houses in Huizhou, which are surrounded by high walls, known as "fire sealing walls". Looking from a distance, they look like ancient castles. Except for the big door, only a few small windows are opened, and the lighting mainly depends on the patio. This kind of house is often very deep. The entrance is the vestibule, with a patio in the middle and a hall in the back. It is generally inhabited by people.
6、格窗
6. Lattice window
徽派建筑格式。徽州民居沿天井一周回廊采用木格窗间隔空间,其功能有采光,通风,防尘,保温,分割室内外空间等作用。
Hui Style Architectural format. Huizhou Folk Houses adopt wooden lattice windows along the corridor around the patio, which has the functions of daylighting, ventilation, dust prevention, thermal insulation, dividing indoor and outdoor space, etc.

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