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云顶娱乐手机官网网址的装饰配件起到哪些作用?

来源:/news/391.html 发布日期:2021-08-06

徽派建筑结构方式.徽州有许多古民居,四周均用高墙围起,谓之"封火墙",远望似一座座古 堡,房屋除大门外,只开少数小窗,采光主要靠天井.这种居宅往往很 深,进门为前庭,中设天井,后设厅堂,一般住人.厅堂后用中门隔开, 设一堂二卧室.堂室后又是一道封火墙,靠墙设天井,两旁建厢房.这是 第一进.第二进的结构为一脊分两堂,前后两天井,中有隔扇,有卧室 四间,堂室两个.
Huizhou style architectural structure. There are many ancient folk houses in Huizhou, which are surrounded by high walls, known as "fire sealing walls". Looking from a distance, they look like ancient castles. Except for the main door, only a few small windows are opened, and the lighting is mainly relying on the patio. These houses are often very deep. The entrance is the vestibule, with a patio in the middle and a hall behind. Generally, people live in them. The back of the hall is separated by a middle door, with one hall and two bedrooms. Behind the hall is a fire sealing wall, A patio is set against the wall and wing rooms are built on both sides. This is the first entrance. The structure of the second entrance is a ridge and divided into two halls. There are two patios in the front and back, with partition fans, four bedrooms and two halls
第三进,第四进或者往后的更多进,结构大抵相同.这种深宅里居住的都是一个家族.随着子孙的繁衍,房子也就一进一进 地套建起来,故房子大者有"三十六天井,七十二槛窗"之说.一般是一个支系住一进.门一闭,各家各户独立过日子;门一开,一个大门出入,一个祖宗牌下祭祀.它生动地体现了古徽州聚族而居的民风.这种高墙深宅的建筑,千丁之族未尝散居的民风,在国内是罕见的.
The third entry, the fourth entry or more in the future have the same structure. All the people living in this deep house are a family. With the reproduction of future generations, the house will be built one by one. Therefore, the big house has the saying of "36 patios and 72 sill windows". Generally, it is a branch that lives one by one. Once the door is closed, each family lives independently; As soon as the door is opened, a gate comes in and out, and a sacrifice is made under the ancestral card. It vividly reflects the folk custom of gathering ethnic groups and living in ancient Huizhou. This kind of high wall and deep house building has never tasted the folk custom of scattered residence, which is rare in China
徽派建筑格式.指徽派大型屋脊脊吻装饰件.徽州古建的词堂,庙宇,府宅等大型建筑,沿袭《宋营造法》官式作法,采用大屋顶脊吻,有正吻,蹲脊兽,垂脊吻,角戗兽,套兽等.造型与官式作法有所区别,属徽派特色.且来历附会了许多有趣的传说.如正吻:指正脊两头口衔屋脊的.鳌鱼(龙鱼),究其起源比较原始,据说汉武帝造"柏梁殿",遭火殃,方士说:"南海有鱼虬,水之精,激浪降雨,作殿吻,以镇火殃."正吻就由此产生沿袭下来.

Hui Style Architectural format refers to the large-scale roof ridge kiss ornaments of Hui style. The CI halls, temples, government houses and other large-scale buildings built in ancient Huizhou follow the official method of the song construction law, and adopt the large roof ridge kiss, including positive kiss, squatting ridge beast, vertical ridge kiss, angle berm beast, trap beast, etc. the shape is different from the official method, It is characteristic of the Hui school and its origin is attached with many interesting legends. For example, the positive kiss refers to the turtle (arowana) holding the roof at both ends of the positive ridge. Its origin is relatively primitive. It is said that Emperor Wu of the Han dynasty built the "Bailiang hall" and was plagued by fire. The alchemist said: "there are fish Qiu in the South China Sea, the essence of water, torrential waves and rainfall, which are used as a hall kiss to calm the fire disaster." the positive kiss came into being and followed

又如垂脊吻:位于同正脊相垂之脊头的人物饰件,称"仙人".究竟指那位仙人说法不一.民间常有姜大公在此"镇妖捉祟"之说.亦有指"大禹"因恐屋脊聚鳌鱼太多,怕鳌鱼翻身易发大水成灾,必须有所制约,故请"禹王"镇守.还说是劈山救母的大力士"二郎神",脊上立兽为"哮天犬",其意也是二郎神在此镇邪捉妖.诸种说法皆为庇护平安,寄寓生生不息之吉意.
Another example is the vertical ridge kiss: the figure ornament at the head of the ridge perpendicular to the main ridge is called "immortal". There are different opinions about the immortal. It is often said that Duke Jiang is here to "stop demons and catch trouble". It is also said that "Dayu" must be restrained because he is afraid that there are too many Aoyu on the roof, and he is afraid that Aoyu will turn over and easily lead to floods, so he asks the "King Yu" to guard it. It is also said that he is the Hercules "Erlang God" who cuts the mountain to save his mother, and the beast on the ridge is called "roaring dog", It also means that Erlang God catches demons in this town. All kinds of statements are to protect peace and express endless good luck
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