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What are the architectural characteristics of Hui style dwellings? Hui style dwellings generally have the following characteristics
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1. Respect the natural landscape environment. Ancient Huizhou has considerate consideration of the terrain, landform, water flow and wind direction of the village site selection. It is often close to mountains and rivers, with beautiful environment, reasonable layout, smooth traffic and buildings integrated between mountains and rivers.
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2. Aesthetic appearance integrity. The unique horse head wall, which integrates the group of houses, is closed by high walls, with horse heads tilted. The walls and horse heads advance and retreat in a staggered manner. Green mountains, green water, white walls and black tiles are one of the main features of Hui style buildings, showing beauty in simplicity.

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3. More flexible multi entry courtyard layout. The unit of the building plane layout is a courtyard surrounded by a patio. High houses, deep wells and halls are flexibly arranged according to function, scale and terrain, with a sense of rhythm.
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4. Exquisite detail decoration. The art of "three carvings" (brick carvings, stone carvings and wood carvings) in Huizhou culture is amazing. Brick door covers, stone carvings, window leaks and wood carvings are integrated with buildings
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The ancient architecture of Hui style takes brick, wood and stone as raw materials and mainly uses wood frame. The beam frame is multi-purpose, with huge materials and emphasis on decoration. The middle of the beam is slightly arched, so it is commonly known as "white gourd beam" among the people.
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Flat round (Ming Dynasty) or round (Qing Dynasty) patterns are carved at both ends, and a variety of patterns are often carved in the middle, which makes the whole body look magnificent, gorgeous and magnificent The material used for the column is also quite thick, and the upper part is slightly thin The columns in the Ming Dynasty were usually shuttle shaped. Most of the beam brackets, claw columns, fork hands, baquan, queti (Ding tou arch in the Ming Dynasty), diagonal braces, etc. are carved with patterns and moldings. The ingenious combination and decoration of beam frame components make the integration of process technology and artistic techniques. It has reached the wonderful state of perfect combination. The beam frame is generally painted with tung oil instead of color paint, which is particularly simple and elegant. Wall corners, patios, railings, screen walls, leaky windows, etc. are cut into stone strips and slabs with bluestone, red sandstone or granite, and often combined into patterns by using the natural texture of the stone itself. The wall is basically built with small green bricks to the horse head wall.

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